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Связи с наукой \ Астрофизика \ Исследовательские статьи \ New scientific approach towards the new discoveries in the Universal structure

New scientific approach towards the new discoveries in the Universal structure

1. Theoretical weaknesses regarding the conventional scientific Universe formation issues.

  Look at the sky above – aren’t you amazed at how many cosmic entities you can see there at once? But the most amazing fact is – we can still see only an unimaginably small fraction of their mysterious diversity! Well, let’s talk about a great mechanism of the surrounding reality and our place within it. Concentrate on your thoughts: when well-established and long-proven means fail unexpectedly, we should know how to rely on something we always have – our own reasoning and intuition. I suppose that truly wise people are led by precisely these two synthesis principles in their scientific approach. This article has an objective of reflecting an individual point of view towards the origin of everything, based upon mental and intuitive insights. The only thing I wish to remain outside of my article is dogmatism. 

Let us look impartially at the conventional scientific research status concerning the issue of Universe origin. We are trying to assess the nature and essence of the universe based solely on experiments, allowable by the scientific equipment we created. As a rule, we do not utilize our brain capability even for as much as 20% of its available resource, so it is logical to assume that even the most sophisticated scientific technology we have today is hardly perfect enough to talk about veracity of our experimental findings on the scale of the entire universe. The only universal issue we could, in fact, seriously examine is its very narrow frequency range – something, the scientists define as “the matter”. The search for Universe origination reference point drives to a dead end any assumptions regarding its exact presence primarily because truly infinite numbers arise in all mathematical equations, which relate to the supposed age of the universe (singularity). As Stephen Hawking and George Ellis note in their “Large-scale structure of space-time”: “Apparently, it is possible to put forward the following sound principle: if the theory predicts a singularity, then it indicates a violation of the theory, i.e. it does not give a correct description of observations”. The singularity principle doesn’t allow for accurate determination of the Universe’s reference point in the framework of a “Big Bang” theory either. In addition to the controversial version of the universe “date of birth”, difficulties arise in the study of the relationship between the human consciousness, the soul, the human psyche and the matter. Psychology and physiology, of course, have a common opinion regarding the mental reactions and biological processes dependency. But no scientific theory has described the relationship between the consciousness and the matter regarding the development of the universe through the prism of the nature of their origination.

   Although quantum mechanics postulates the relationship between the observer and the scientific experiment, but the interaction principles aren’t considered, while experimental examples carry almost metaphysical, slightly inexplicable meaning. Plato in the IV century and Descartes in the XIV century BC both have countered something we define as “the Soul” to the biological body, the mind to “the matter” and declared the laws of nature independent of Soul and the observer’s Consciousness, all of which has marked the beginning of the predominant authority of the experimental scientific approach. Intuitive approach in this regard remained unrecognized, even though all the great scientists have utilized it in their discoveries. Thus, our understanding and perceptions of the truth have been extremely narrowed down to logical formalisms and physical sense perception, common to all the people. In this respect its worth mentioning that even the most advanced scientific equipment merely reflects these limitations. It has played a huge role in our world cognition process, but continuous utilization of its limited data any longer becomes unreasonable. Therefore mental and virtual experiments, where the human mind by far precedes both - the logic and technology, while they are trying to "catch up" to our curiosity, are gaining momentum now. In the twentieth century, our collective curiosity in the scientific cognition has resulted in an assumption regarding Universe multi-world structure, as well as existence of other various Cosmic Forms of Intelligence. So far multi-world theory is controversial, yet logical, and provides answers to many vital Universal questions, which science has failed to produce until recently.

2. The Multi-World Theory Research.

Quantum Mechanics origination

 So, since when these drastic assumptions regarding the world diversity have begun? They originate from quantum mechanics, which introduces a variety of surprises and uncertainties on the of micro scale levels of our Universe, when the elementary particle laws of classic physics simply cease to work. In the quantum world, we could, just as elementary particles do, pass through walls, which is a consequence of the Heisenberg uncertainty principle - we are not able to measure with precision the absolute position of any particle. As a result, we can only talk about the likelihood of a given particle being within a particular spot; hence, we should not review just a single particle state or one of its possible locations, but rather all the possible values ​​within a certain range, defining it as a probabilities range. A wave function describes the system’s particular state probability (i.e. it is a process of measuring of any particle, which might, or might not appear in various states under certain conditions). In the coordinate representation, a wave function depends on the spatial system coordinates, but does not determine the cause of certain amount of various probabilities. That means that we are not able to assess the exact particle’s state and location, including any event, in which it might or might not participate. Thus, we can only talk about an implementation probability of various states of any particle. So, where are the other probable event variations located? Unfortunately, at this time the classic (Copenhagen) quantum mechanics interpretation does not provide any comprehensible answer to this question. In 1950’s there were few assumptions that each version of the particle state is entered into their own world, in their own Universe. Thus the multi-world theory (Multiverse) was born, and such prominent physicists as Hugh Everett III, John Wheeler, Bryce DeWitt and others have since described and developed its principles. Ultimately, the derivative standard Big Bang theory (the Eternal Inflation theory) has become an alternative to the Multiverse theory.

The Inflation Theory

Are there any worlds, which are completely different from these we are able to observe? The Eternal Inflation theory, formulated by Andrei Linde, asserts that under certain assumptions, the existence of various regions within the Universe with different elementary particles and their interaction laws, becomes possible. Changing the interaction properties between elementary particles generates completely different type of “matter”, than the one, which is favorable for the emergence of human life. Given theory allows us to assert that various universes, generated by quantum interactions, differing from these, that we can observe, contain other forms of intelligence manifestation conditions, inaccessible to our perception.  Actually, we will not fall outside the "borders" of our universe because parameters of quantum effects (fundamental constants) of other universes would not allow us to manifest there as representatives of a “human” phenotype. Thus, our material world has turned into a very conditional world from being an absolute one. It turns out that the matter and the laws of nature, both subject of scientific minds torment, exist only as a certain parameter forms, the nature of which is not yet researched! Only recently quantum cosmology has dared to commence the closer investigation of these parameters. However, meanwhile the quantum fluctuations are considered to be the cause of all there is. As you probably know (since you are reading this article), the primary fluctuated argument of the Big Bang theory was the so-called “bubble-grandparent” of all the matter that exploded, which supposedly gave birth to the atoms of the lightest chemical elements. Scientists from all over the world are hunting for the explosion date of the poor "bubble" with no evident success. The universe birthday still remains a complete mystery, even considering an abundance of various assumptions in circulating. Eternal inflation theory elementary particle quantum fluctuations give rise to inflationary regions with different parameters. Andrei Linde, in his lecture regarding the theory, said this: "eternal inflation at nearly the Planck density can lead to a local change in the number of compactified dimensions; hence that the universe is divided into exponentially large areas of different dimensions”. Further, these areas are saturated with quantum interactions, which can be grouped into structurally more complex objects and phenomena. By the way, the term "universe" while used in different theories, is used in both - plural and singular meaning, and in this article we will only use it in plural. So everything Linde has called “different areas”, we will define as “different universes”, bearing various quantum interactions fundamental constants.

 

   Finally came a time when other worlds and universes become the subject of observation of not only fiction and esoteric, but also scientific hypotheses, theories, think-tank experiments, and conferences! We will now talk about the quantum interactions parameters and the fundamental constants. Usually, the fundamental constants are implied as follows: the speed of light (c), the gravitational constant (G), Planck's constant (h), the mass of the electron, proton and electron charge. If they change, that would drastically impact the current world existence picture altogether. Or, their slight changes do allow the existence of very similar to our own, but not completely the same, various universes? Is there such a universe, where the windows of my room have other color hanging curtains, or where I sit in the same chair at front of my PC, but in a slightly different position? Remember, these questions have also appeared when in the last section we were discussing the probabilistic nature of matter on the micro scale? So – what if values ​​of the fundamental constants change minimally or substantially? While seeking answers to these questions a “universe fine tuning" physics concept was formulated. This concept asserts that: "at the heart of the Universe and some of its constituents there exist not arbitrary, but well-defined values ​​of the fundamental constants in the laws of physics." It turns out that their values deviation leads to the formation of other physical laws, which organize other different worlds! Many scientists arrive to the same conclusion, difficult for our understanding, but at the same time logical and computationally authentic. It is not possible to ignore them, as it would be wrong to simplify the high school math towards the elementary school’s arithmetic, while trying to solve a high-school’s mathematical problem. There was even a philosophical aid to such multi-world arguments, strong and the weak anthropic principles were formulated; additionally, a role of an observer, animating the universe became another hypothesis, and there even was such statement by John Wheeler, called "anthropic participation principle", which partially reads: “Observers are necessary to bring the Universe into being”. So gradually, science has begun including the perception of the observer in its theoretical arguments. It seems that the scientific dualism entered into recession. The observer's consciousness is now getting a place under the sun in the scientific picture of the world order. How and who was able to link the mind and matter will be discussed later.

2. Connection to Iissiidiology.

ontemporary multiverse theorists (and we are not far behind) are primarily interested not only in matter and consciousness relationship questions - behind them lies the curiosity about the possibility of studying other universes. Supporters of the strong anthropic principle might wonder how we can affect the properties of other universes. However, we will not receive any feedback from official scientific academic sources because the multiverse theory is not yet officially recognized. So at this point we are still dealing with a variety of hypothesis, more or less corroborated by the factual data. But if we recall that the scientific methodology some time back  was deliberately created without regard to either a human perception or the role of consciousness, we have to note that the experimental mechanics and logic, displacing the role of an observer – are to say the least, defective. On the other hand, the scientific community becomes ready for a methodology change, when more attention is paid to the experiments, based upon thinking process, coherency of which is followed by the mathematical tools development in support of any speculative conclusions. One example of such pseudoscientific concept ("pseudo" means that the given information does not meet the standard criteria of scientific truth) depicting the relationship between the materiality and the human mind, - is "IISSIIDIOLOGY”. Its primary hypotheses are related to the multiverse and Self-Consciousness multi-level structure; these are concepts which the entire global scientific community, including philosophers, physicists, mathematicians and others, is discussing of all around the world. So the multiverse is represented by an infinite multitude of universes, which "IISSIIDIOLOGY" subdivides into a few principles.

  The first Principle: Objects and living beings configuration similarity of compared universes. The universes themselves are considered to represent the diverse Self-Consciousness form configurations resultant [1] at any given moment with an equal attitude towards their individual existence:

 

   Next, the universe is viewed as a set of elements, refracted by the subjective perception of a particular form of Self-Consciousness. Our worldview and our opinion regarding the world around us reflects the unique individual perception at any given moment of time. Subjectivity can be noted in any form of Self-Consciousness, as a set of specific and inherent reactions towards the surrounding environment.

  While we compare the universes further, let us remember that it is an imaginary "snapshot", made by ​​someone's perception system.

 

   There are more classification criteria types of universes, subjective realities, and other space-time structures available, that reflect different configuration interactions, belonging to various forms of Self-Consciousness. Why such thorough classification is given? I think you've noticed that there is a Self-Consciousness forms division subjectivity criterion present. This is to highlight the fact that iissiidiological classification goes way beyond the “many-worlds interpretation”, proposed by Hugh Everett: according to Everett all the "parallel" universes only differ slightly over their constituent element configurations, at the same time presuming and implying equal possibilities not only for the human existence, but also for everything surrounding it. Everett’s interpretation implies the same fundamental constants and same laws of nature: the existential situations pictured to be slightly different, like a different type of table, a chair, or a flower on the window sill, however in general the entire conception is basically integral. "IISSIIDIOLOGY", on the other hand, offers much more extensive classification of universes and their differentiating principles. The primary arguments in favor of such classification are the Self-Consciousness configuration complexity (they are very different for each type of species), and the life flow itself, triggering the evolution / involution [2] trends. These arguments come from the practice of our daily lives: on one hand, we can observe variable and diverse complex psychological and emotional reactions, people’s behavioral programs, animals as well as physical-chemical conversion of all materiality. On the other – it is still so much to learn and understand in terms of infinite multitude of various Self-Consciousness Forms existence activity!

   Each one of them – is a whole own world (not to mention - the whole universe!) with its inherent amazing characteristics and properties configuration. In order to extensively cognize our essence’s diversity, we require a variety of existential conditions and we need to participate in an exorbitant amount of different interactions with other elements of the universe! And it has to be virtually unlimited amount of these universes present, bearing different existential conditions as to ensure the extended accumulation of diverse life experience. Actually, the second argument is directly related to the first. Nothing is standing still, everything constantly evolves. The matter and energy constantly transform: all of us - participants of open systems, where absolute isolation from other universe constituents is simply impossible. Every single moment of our lives, whether we realize it or not, we constantly make various choices, thus responding to the surrounding elements of life behavior as if we are forced to either evolve or devolve in terms of our own species development. "IISSIIDIOLOGY" talks about the multiverse connection as a conscious interrelationship dynamics between each of their elements. The evolution in any development vector directly influences the Self-Consciousness, which in turn selects from preexisting environmentally suitable universes, where certain necessary experience can be obtained. As we implement our development dynamics, while accumulating additional experience, our surrounding reality changes slightly, so at each and every moment in life we are faced with a slightly different universe. This statement per se, is reflected in the strong anthropic principle: any universe must possess necessary properties that allow the rational life development. However, rationality as we know it, is not the only sign of intelligence there is. So we must learn to recognize the intelligence activity in dynamics of any, even supposedly "inanimate", elements of Life: its specific changes tendency as well as its coherent system of chemical reactions. We will not attempt to make this a metaphysical concept, attributing the supreme intelligence to all beings, but will rather try to recognize the intelligent manifestation in the algorithm of sequential changes of matter and intellect development.

3. Conclusion.

This article focuses on the latest assumptions, concerning the development of MWI (Multi-world Interpretation) theory [3]. Already existing MWI hypothesis was enriched by corresponding classification, followed by brief relationship principle description of interactivity between various universes (by means of their elements evolving/devolving dynamics). You can find out much more regarding the layered structure of Self-Consciousness, particular universe choice-making mechanisms, causes of joint Self-Consciousness Forms manifestation within a particular universe, conveyed throughout multiple volumes of "IISSIIDIOLOGY". Hence, the more challenging the assumptions are, the more complex are hypotheses originating from them. That demands their more extended description, which in turn requires more book chapters or even volumes to be created and published. It seems that in order for us to talk simply about the universe complexity, we first have to undergo a complete revision of our established rules and concepts, while dealing in this respect with complexity. But it's all for our own benefit: while developing abstract thinking, we are able to manipulate large amounts of information simultaneously, and whatever seemed to be complex and difficult once, turns into simple and comprehensible.

  In our daily lives we are accustomed to logical thinking, which heavily relies on the experimental data, however, it's not the logic, which primarily was the reason for all scientific discoveries, breakthroughs in production, new technologies or an art creation. On one hand, logic is familiar and reliable, so it has firmly established itself within the scientific community; on the other hand, logic isn’t able to provide answers to questions regarding studied physical laws origination, or the influence of our feelings, thoughts and emotions in relation to the surrounding people and reality. Perhaps that is why emotional intelligence (EI) and creative thinking techniques increasingly becoming so popular and acquire more attention.

  In connection to the MWI’s complexity, let me remind you about the so-called “Occam’s Razor” principle (quoting Wikipedia): “Occam's razor (also written as Ockham's razor from William of Ockham (c. 1287 – 1347), and in Latin lex parsimoniae) is a principle of parsimony, economy, or succinctness used in logic and problem-solving. It states that among competing hypotheses, the hypothesis with the fewest assumptions should be selected.” I suppose this principle is great, when result, derived by either simple or complex means, is obvious. Then we can choose a simpler interpretation of it. Moreover – it is well known, that everything genius is in fact – simple! Yes, for the level of fundamental particles Creators (what scientists define as matter), everything should be clear and easy, since it’s their interactions that work so smoothly and produce such variety of life. However, for us, hardly understanding their "simplicity", while striving to even farther simplifying it, this approach is too incautious. The simplicity of more qualitative information and capacious order always comes through study of many seemingly disparate and diverse objects and relationships. True Simplicity is the inevitable consequence of complex consideration and has nothing to do with dogmatism and blunt rejection of concepts, falling outside of our understanding. It can therefore be asserted that the True Simplicity is acquired from a variety of attempts and assumptions, which aren’t simple at all. For instance, when we observe a truly genius violinist, like Joshua Bell, performing one of the most difficult musical compositions ever composed on his virtually priceless Stradivarius violin, we might think that it is easy to play like that, since HE makes it look easy; however, I am sure you all know that this is not the case, and this performance’s apparent simplicity equals to hundreds, if not thousands of painstaking practice hours, patience, devotion, love, and everything else, which the usual person doesn’t even know about (the translator’s example).

  There was an article in the Scientific American magazine, where Dutch-American astronomer Bart Jan Bok writes: "I ​​remember the mid-seventies, when my colleagues and I, the Milky Way Galaxy researchers, were absolutely sure of ourselves ... At the time, no one could have ever imagined that sometime later we will have to rethink our ideas regarding the size of the Milky Way, tripling its diameter, and increasing its weight tenfold!". The Inflation theory, quantum cosmology and the multiverse theory are quite complex theoretical models that are inconceivable, unless there is no desire to disdain the details and complications. Additionally, the detailed study of multiverse and pressing questions about the consciousness and surrounding reality relationship add even more refinement necessity, all of which is deeply and thoroughly sanctified in "IISSIIDIOLOGY." This conception combines natural and human types of science together; we are sure that its hypothesis can powerfully "recharge" the conventional science with handful of fresh ideas and stupendous theories.

   Despite the detailed elaboration of these hypotheses, which can create difficulty in their comprehension, they are supported by the experience of our daily lives. I am convinced that our perceptions and emotions play far more important role than academic formalities. The latter are designed to explain the principles, which form emotions and perceptions, rather than deny their activity, if the sheer logic and formalism do not produce satisfactory explanations. Professor of physics at Stanford University, the creator of chaotic Inflation theory, Andrei Linde states: "...  the model of the world, obeying the laws of physics, has become so successful that we have long forgotten about its origins and assert that the only reality which exists, is the matter, and that any emotions are nothing more than a useful tool for its description ... We're exchanging the reality of our own perception by well-established theory with no regard to the existing material world. And this theory is so successful that we hardly think about its limitations." Time and experiments will show just how accurate the "IISSIIDIOLOGY" hypothesis are in regard to consciousness and matter interrelation, and, in my opinion, additional research and new experiments in this development direction absolutely must be conducted. Let us not be shy of radicalism and complexity of their formulations. Remember that the difficult seems to be difficult only in the beginning. Over time, everything becomes clear and simple, not at the expense of simplicity, but rather due to the intuitive efforts of intelligently inquisitive mind. Someday our difficulties will become simple to the perception of our children. And things, which they will investigate and research as adults, will become natural for all forthcoming generations.

 

   “There is always a chance that fundamentally new properties, qualities, structures, systems and levels will be discovered, which might turn out to be subjects to completely different laws of nature”.

David Joseph Bohm, the Albert Einstein’s student and colleague.

 

List of References:

  1. Alexander Vilenkin – “Many Worlds in One: The Search for Other Universes“.

  2. Andrei Linde – lecture “Inflation, quantum cosmology and anthropic principle” – Stanford University, physics department.

  3. Michael B. Mensky – “Concept of consciousness in the context of quantum mechanics”, 2005, volume 175, №4 - p.413-435.

  4. Oris – IISSIIDIOLOGY – Fundamentals, volume 1 and 2 (editorial material, 2013).

  5. Bok Bart J. – “The Milky Way Galaxy”//Scientific American, March 1981.

  6. Hugh Everett - Thesis «The Many-Worlds Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics» - New Jersey: Princeton, 1957.

  7. Stephen Hawking and George Ellis – “The Large Scale Structure of Space-Time” Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-09906-4.

  8. Michael Talbot – “The Holographic Universe” ISBN 0-06-092258-3 – 1991.

 

  1. www.wikipedia.ru  

 

[1] – Under the term “Form of Self-Consciousness” IISSIIDIOLOGY implies any unit of material nature (micro-, as well as macro scale) possessing certain configuration, which is comprised of some physical and emotional (if any) characteristics as well as their variables, such as elementary particles, atoms, any chemical elements, minerals, planets, stars and so on. Self-Consciousness can’t be attributed to the synthesis products of psychic, biological and other creativity, but it can be argued that certain forms of Self-Consciousness are created by other forms of Self-Consciousness, all of which in turn represents an infinite multitude of existing forms, for instance - biological and nuclear waste, various “inanimate objects”, plants, animals, humans, stars and so on and so forth).

[2] – IISSIIDIOLOGY considers the involution to be a deviation from the evolutionary trend of intraspecific development. At that, the involution, just as the term "degradation" in "IISSIIDIOLOGY", doesn’t possess a negative connotation and is considered the beginning of evolution within the form of another type of materiality. Conversion of an ape into human can be considered human evolution and involution (degradation) of an ape. The first loses its specific characteristics in whole or in part, degrades as an ape, while the human acquires peculiar skills and traits – which is considered to be an evolution in this case.

[3] – MWI – Multi-world Interpretation of quantum mechanics. The term is offered by Bryce De Witt.